A long term condition that causes a rise blood’s sugar is called diabetes. Diabetes is mainly of two types but there is the third one known as Gestational diabetes that is experienced in pregnant women. This condition affects 18 women out of every 100 pregnant women. It is a condition that will only be present during pregnancy in some women. The blood glucose in their bodies rise to a level that the insulin produced is not enough for absorption of all the glucose. This condition could also lead to worsening of the type 1 diabetes. It is thus advisable for pregnant women to make sure that they keep their glucose levels controlled. This condition needs to be avoided as it can cause the child to have health complications.
Diabetes Type 1
This is a condition where the body is not in a position to produce insulin for blood’s absorption of glucose. The glucose level will thus substantially increase and this may lead to damaging of other body organs. In this type of diabetes, the immune system attacks the pancreas. This is the organ that is located next to the spleen and behind the stomach. It plays a major role in the regulating the blood’s glucose level and digestion. It aids in the digestion of fats and proteins by producing enzymes that aid in their digestion. It is also responsible for the production of insulin hormone that aid in the absorption of glucose. When the pancreas is destroyed there is no production of insulin and this leads to increased glucose in one’s blood. This diabetes is not common and accounts for about 10% of the diabetes cases reported. It is also known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes. This is because patients need to be injected with insulin.
Type 2 Diabetes
This diabetes involves the pancreas producing insulin only that it is not in the right amount to keep the blood glucose at the required level. The other reason could be that the body cells are not reacting to insulin a condition that is referred to as insulin resistance. This is the most common type of diabetes and accounts for about 90% of the adults diagnosed with diabetes. It mainly affects the aged people and is highly associated with obese people. This condition can be contained by practicing healthy eating habits and exercising more often. When it progresses, the patient may need to take tablets for medication.